Article 1415

Title of the article



Lushnikov Alexander Alexandrovich, Doctor of historical sciences, doctoral student, sub-department of history of Russia, local history and history teaching methods, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia),

Index UDK



Background. A subject of the cult of elements in Ancient Rus’ anti-pagan literature stays one of the main sources for a lot of contradictory theoretical reconstructions of the Slavs’ pagan religion. The aim of the article is to examine development of this plot in Ancient Rus’ books and its potential as a source of information about spiritual culture.
Materials and methods. The author carried out a comparative analysis of homilies, hagiographies, confession collections and monuments of ecclesiastical law of XI–XV A.D (with additions from later variants). The author used hermeneutics as the most efficient and perspective method in ancient Rus’ source studies.
Results. Works of Ephraem the Syrian and Cyril of Jerusalem were determined as the origins of blaming against the pagan cult of nature elements. The concrete Slav’s paganism was not so important for authors in Rus. Also the investigation shows social and political essence of the plot. It became a part of the so-called “execution from God” doctrine not later than XII A.D. In the end of XIII A.D. it became topical due to Mongol – Tatar invasion’s effects and efforts of the clergy to strengthen the discipline in church. This tendency was reflected in the rules of the Vladimir church council in 1274.
Conclusions. The popular subject about the cult of elements in anti-pagan literature of Ancient Rus is very discrepant. On one hand, the authors did not care about authentic paganism cults and used Christian patrology templates. On the other hand, foreign standards were very abstract and metaphorical, that is why they can be used for exposure of syncretic beliefs of their own society.

Key words

Ancient Rus, Ancient Rus’ literature, homily, paganism, Christianity, hermeneutics, patrology, religion, church.

Download PDF

1. Anichkov E. V. Yazychestvo i Drevnyaya Rus' [Paganism and Ancient Rus]. Moscow: Akademicheskiy proekt, 2009, 538 p.
2. Gal'kovskiy N. M. Bor'ba khristianstva s ostatkami yazychestva v Drevney Rusi [Christianity’s struggle against residual paganism in Ancient Rus]. Kharkov: Eparkhial'naya tipografiya, 1916, vol. 1, 376 p.
3. Rybakov B. A. Yazychestvo Drevney Rusi [Paganism of Ancient Rus]. Moscow: Nauka, 1987, 783 p.
4. Rybakov B. A. Yazychestvo drevnikh slavyan [Paganism of ancient slavs]. Moscow: Nauka, 1994, 608 p.
5. Osipova O. S. Slavyanskoe yazycheskoe miroponimanie (filosofskoe issledovanie) [Pagan world view of slavs (philosophical research)]. Moscow, 2000, 98 p.
6. Zubov N. I. Zhivaya starina [Living antiquity]. Moscow: Gosudarstvennyy respublikanskiy tsentr russkogo fol'klora, 1995, no. 3, pp. 46–48.
7. Kleyn L. S. Voskreshenie Peruna: k rekonstruktsii vostochnoslavyanskogo yazychestva [Peroun’s resurrection: on reconstruction of east-slavic paganism]. Saint-Petersburg: Evraziya, 2004, 480 p.
8. Petrukhin V. Ya. Slavyanskiy i balkanskiy fol'klor. Narodnaya demonologiya [Slavic and Balkan flok art. Folk demonology]. Moscow: Indrik, 2000, pp. 314–343.
9. Petrukhin V. Ya. Iz istorii russkoy kul'tury [From the history of Russian culture]. Moscow: Yazyki russkoy kul'tury, 2000, T. I. Drevnyaya Rus', pp. 238–242.
10. Danilevskiy I. N. Povest' vremennykh let: germenevticheskie osnovy izucheniya letopisnykh tekstov [Tale of Bygone Years: hermeneuric foundations of annalistic texts studies]. Moscow: Aspekt-Press, 2004, 370 p.
11. Gosudarstvennyy istoricheskiy muzey [State Historical Museum]. (GIM). F. Sin. D. 478.
12. Nauchno-issledovatel'skiy otdel rukopisey Rossiyskoy gosudarstvennoy biblioteki [Department of manuscript research of the Russian State Library]. (NIOR RGB). F. 304. Op. 1. D. 124.
13. Budilovich A. S. XIII slov Grigoriya Bogoslova v drevneslavyanskom perevode [XIII orations of St. Gregory the Theologian in ancient-slavic translation]. Saint-Petersburg: Tipografiya Imperatorskoy Akademii nauk, 1875, 293 p.
14. Sreznevskiy I. I. Svedeniya i zametki o maloizvestnykh i neizvestnykh pamyatnikakh [Information and notes on little-known and unknown monuments]. Saint-Petersburg: Tipografiya Imperatorskoy Akademii nauk, 1867, vol. 1. I–XL, 198 p.
15. NIOR RGB. F. 173. Op. 1. D. 78.
16. Serebryanskiy N. I. Drevnerusskie knyazheskie zhitiya [Ancient Rus’ princely life]. Moscow: Chteniya Obshchestva istorii i drevnostey Rossiyskikh, 1915, part 2, 184 p.
17. Gal'kovskiy N. M. Bor'ba khristianstva s ostatkami yazychestva v Drevney Rusi [Christianity’s struggle against residual paganism in Ancient Rus]. Kharkov: Eparkhial'naya tipografiya, 1916, vol. 2, 308 p.
18. Karatygin I. G. Khristianskoe chtenie [Christian reading]. Saint-Petersburg: Tipografiya A. P. Lopukhina, 1877, no. 3–4, pp. 423–448.
19. Pamyatniki drevnerusskogo kanonicheskogo prava. Russkaya istoricheskaya biblioteka [Monuments of Ancient Rus’ canon law. Russian historical library]. Saint-Petersburg, 1880, vol. 6, part 1, Pamyatniki XI–XV vv., 683 p.
20. NIOR RGB. F. 304. Op. 1. D. 7.
21. Eremin I. P. Trudy Otdela drevnerusskoy literatury [Proceedings of Department of Ancient Rus’ literature]. Moscow; Leningrad: Izd-vo AN SSSR, 1957, vol. 13, 736 p.
22. Pravoslavnyy sobesednik [Orthodox interlocutor]. Kazan: Tipografiya Imperatorskogo universiteta, 1859, no. 1, pp. 252–256.
23. Almazov A. I. Taynaya ispoved' v Pravoslavnoy Vostochnoy Tserkvi: Opyt vneshney istorii: Issledovanie preimushchestvenno po rukopisyam [Auricular confession in Orthodox Eastern Church: Experience of external history: research of manuscripts predominantly]. Odessa: Tipolitografiya Shtaba Odesskogo voennogo okruga, 1894, vol. 3: Prilozheniya.
24. Pamyatniki russkogo prava [Monuments of Russian law]. Moscow: Gosudarstvennoe izdatel'stvo yuridicheskoy literatury, 1952, vol. 1, Pamyatniki prava Kievskogo gosudarstva. X–XII vv., 287 p.
25. Slovar' knizhnikov i knizhnosti Drevney Rusi [Dictionary of scribes and Ancient Rus’literature]. Leningrad: Nauka, Leningradskoe otdelenie, 1987, iss. 1, XI – pervaya polovina XIV vv., pp. 296–299.
26. NIOR RGB. F. 304. Op. 1. D. 204.
27. Tolstoy N. I. Literatura i iskusstvo v sisteme kul'tury [Literature and art in a system of culture]. Moscow: Nauka, 1988, pp. 122–129.
28. Bibliya: knigi Svyashchennogo Pisaniya Vetkhogo i Novogo Zaveta [Bible: scriptures of the Old and New Testaments]. Moscow: Rossiyskoe bibleyskoe obshchestvo, 2008, 1250 p.
29. Pamyatniki literatury Drevney Rusi. XIII vek [Ancient Rus’ literature monuments. The XIIIth century]. Moscow: Khudozhestvennaya literatura, 1981, pp. 440–455.


Дата создания: 06.05.2016 09:39
Дата обновления: 06.05.2016 13:55